Textiles have been a part of civilization since the Stone Age. Evidence of this has been found in many archaeology digs. This material is made from felt or spun fibers, which are made into yarn and then processed.
Over the years this yarn has been used, in thousands of different ways, to make interesting combinations of textiles which are used in every walk of life. In addition to clothing, and household items, they are very popular as a form of art. Whether hand-woven or manufactured the result can be breathtaking.
It is interesting that the earliest evidence of weaving was found in the Czech Republic and dated 27,000 years ago. This evidence was found embedded in pieces of hard clay found in an archaeology dig. Textiles have progressed a long way since that time. tensile testing machine
It was in the 18th century that carding, spinning and weaving began to evolve as a cottage industry in England. With the invention of a device called a Spinning Jenny a large number of hand spinners were replaced. It was in Cromford, England in 1771 that the first official textile factory was established.
In 1772 a Samuel Slater opened the first yarn spinning mill in the United States. Shortly after that a number of other manufacturing plants were established in the north. It was not until World War I that the United States stopped purchasing machinery and dyestuffs from Europe and developed new textile companies. Unfortunately, after World War II machinery and dyes were once more imported from across the ocean.
In the 1990s many textile manufacturers went out of the material production end of the business and started purchasing imports. They became marketing rather than manufacturing companies. The majority of textiles in the United States today are imported from Japan.
Today’s textiles are, most commonly, made from cotton, wool, silk, nylon or polyester. It either is woven by hand or machine. There are also textiles made of fibers, which occur in nature and are twisted into yarn. These fibers may come from plants, animals and minerals, which, incidentally, was the only thing early textile makers had to work with.
An example of animal fibers is wool from sheep and silk from cocoons. Nylon, polyester, acrylic and olefin are made from petrochemicals. The majority of textiles are made by twisting fibers into yarn and then weaving it into a fabric, which is made into curtains, clothing and other materials for everyday use. It is an essential product for mankind today.